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Water

With a 40% shortfall on water predicted by 2030, we continue to conserve and take steps to mitigate risk to our operations, which rely heavily on water for cooling processes. We are evaluating alternative methods like air cooling, which must be balanced with increased energy use, and continue to use more gray water in our operations.


For our Industrial Gases businesses, the majority of our water consumption results from two uses – cooling the air compressors that are used in ASUs and completing the water shift reactions for production of hydrogen via SMRs. For 2016, our global water withdrawal was 17 billion gallons, which was slightly lower than the amount withdrawn in 2015.  

Over the same period, water consumption—including water pumped, piped or otherwise brought on-site for use in manufacturing and related activities but not including the netting-out of water discharges returned to their sources—was 15.2 billion gallons.  

In 2016, water consumption decreased 6% because of water savings initiatives at existing facilities, including water treatment optimization to reduce blow-down, and identifying and repairing leaks. 

With respect to our 2020 goal to reduce water intensity by 5% (2015 baseline), we are ahead of schedule, realizing a 4% improvement in 2016.

Water

Water Usage and Conservation

In 2016, total water consumption decreased because of water savings initiatives at existing facilities, including

water treatment optimization to reduce blow down, and identifying/repairing leaks. 

Water Withdrawals
Billions
of Gallons
1,000m3
Purchased sources 14.0 52,996
Surface water 0.3 1,147
Ground water 1.1 4,349
Total 15.4 58,492

Water Discharges Billions
of Gallons
1,000m3
Discharged to a treatment facility 2.4 9085
Discharged directly to surface water 0.9 3,231
Discharged directly to ground water 0.003 11

Water Consumption by Region
(billions of gallons)
CY 2016
1,000m3
Americas 10.2
38,611
Europe 1.9 
7,192
Asia 3.1  11,735
Total 15.2
57,538


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